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# Flash kids

### Math Worksheets

Preschool  Math Worksheet
Kindergarten Math Worksheet

### Pre-Kindergarten

During prekindergarten, your child will be learning to:

• Recite the alphabet

• Recognize letters by name

• Identify letter sounds

• Answer a question with a complete thought

• Listen to stories read aloud

• Manipulate objects, such as interlocking blocks, with increased control

• Grip and use pencils, scissors, and crayons

• Count to ten

• Identify and sort objects by shape and color

• Make simple patterns

### Kindergarten

During Kindergarten, your child will be learning to:

• Count to 100 by ones and tens
Write the numerals 0 to 20

• Group objects into quantities of up to 20

• Use words such as before or after to describe a sequence of events

• Compare objects using the terms greater than, less than, or equal to

• Identify, extend, and create patterns

• Tell how objects are alike and different

• Sort a variety of objects by color, size, and shape

• Describe, identify, and compare circles, triangles, rectangles, and squares

• Put events in sequence

• Read a calendar using days, weeks, and months

• Make graphs and use them to answer questions

• Understand that letters make words; words make sentences; and sentences make a story

• Identify uppercase and lowercase letters

• Identify parts of a book, such as cover, back cover, and title page

• Identify vowels

• Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120

• Compare and order whole numbers up to 99

• Understand the meaning of the equal sign

• Decide if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false

• Write and solve number sentences with numbers up to 20

• Find the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction problem using three whole numbers. For example, 5 + ? = 9.

• Compare two two-digit numbers using the symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to (>, <, =)

• Recognize two-dimensional shapes such as rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, and quarter-circles

• Identify three-dimensional shapes such as cubes, rectangular prisms, cones, and cylinders

• Understand commonly used fractions, such as ¼, 1/3, ½

• Identify coins by name and value

• Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units such as paper clips or sides of color tiles

• Read time to the hour and half-hour using analog and digital clocks

• Use data to make graphs

• Recognize that sentences begin with a capital letter and end with punctuation

• Understand how to read a book and identify its parts

• Identify the narrator in a text

• Rhyme words

• Distinguish between long- and short-vowel sounds

• Read words with common spelling patterns such as –ant or -ike

• Identify and read contractions like isn’t or can’t

• Tell whether a story is fiction or non-fiction and explain why

• Read at least 100 high-fluency words

• Alphabetize a list of words to the first or second letter

• Retell a story’s beginning, middle, and end

• Describe characters in the story and the reasons for their actions and feelings

• Identify the main idea in a text

• Recognize important facts or details in text

• Use place value to read, write, compare, and order whole numbers to 999

• Compare numbers up to 999 using the symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to (>, <, =)

• Count to 1000

• Skip-count by 2s, 5s, 10s, and 100s

• Add and subtract within 100

• Describe how fractions are used to name parts of whole objects or sets of objects

• Use models to represent fractions

• Determine if a fraction is closer to 0, ½, or 1

• Recall basic addition and subtraction facts to 18

• Model addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers with objects, pictures, words, and numbers

• Determine the value of a group of coins up to one dollar

• Model, create, and describe multiplication and division problems using concrete objects

• Find patterns in numbers

• Use fact families to remember basic addition and subtraction facts; for example, 7+5=12, 5+7=12, 12-5=7, 12-7=5.

• Use patterns to make predictions

• Describe characteristics of figures such as circles, polygons, spheres, cones, cylinders, prisms, and pyramids

• Describe how different shapes are alike and different

• Cut two-dimensional figures apart and identify the new geometric figures formed

• Use a number line

• Read and write times shown on analog and digital clocks

• Describe activities that take approximately one second, one minute, and one hour

• Organize data to make it useful for interpreting information

• Construct picture graphs and bar-type graphs

• Draw conclusions and answer questions based on graphs

• Use data to describe events as more likely or less likely

• Identify parts of a story, like beginning and ending

• Use information from the illustrations and words in a story to understand its characters, setting, and plot

• Answer who, what, where, when, why, and how about the events in a story

• Identify parts of a word, including single letters, consonant blends (thr, spl), and vowel combinations (ie, ou)

• Recognize common spelling patterns (-ight, -ant)

• Identify common prefixes (pre-, dis-) and suffixes (-ly, -less, -ful)

• Understand abbreviations (Mrs., St.)

• Read and write contractions (can’t, couldn’t, don’t)

• Make predictions about a story

• Know the difference between literal and non-literal language

• Use a dictionary and glossary

• Alphabetize a list of words to the second letter

• Identify the main idea in a reading

• Describe the order of events in a story

• Identify the differences and purposes in different genres, such as fiction, non-fiction, and poetry

• Use place value to read, write, and describe the value of whole numbers through 999,999

• Determine the value of a collection of coins and bills

• Use fractions with denominators of 12 or less to describe parts of whole objects or sets of objects

• Construct concrete models of fractions

• Model addition and subtraction using pictures, words, and numbers

• Use operation to solve problems involving whole numbers through 999

• Learn and apply multiplication facts through 12 by 12 using concrete models and objects

• Solve multiplication problems up to two digits times one digit

• Round whole numbers to the nearest ten or hundred

• Recognize congruence and symmetry

• Identify congruent two-dimensional figures

• Identify and create two-dimensional figures with lines of symmetry using concrete models and technology

• Identify, classify, and compare two-dimensional figures, three-dimensional figures, or both

• Compare objects by attributes like length, area, weight/mass, and capacity

• Use standard units to find the perimeter of a shape

• Measure temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit

• Understand how to change the spelling of a word to accommodate word endings--for example, dropping the final e when adding endings such as –ing, -ed, -able; doubling final consonants when adding endings (stop to stopping); or changing y to i when pluralizing certain words

• Identify meaning of common prefixes (in-, dis-) and suffixes (-full, -less), and know how they change the meaning of root words

• Use context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words

• Identify and use antonyms, synonyms, homographs, and homophones.

• Retell the themes and supporting details of fables, legends, myths, or stories

• Compare and contrast the setting in myths and traditional folktales

• Explore and describe different forms of drama and poetry

• Identify the characteristics of various forms of poetry

• Explain the elements of plot and characters as presented in a play

• Distinguish his or her own point of view from that of a narrator

• Understand the use of persuasive language and how an author uses it to is influence a reader

• Follow and explain a set of written multi-step directions

• Locate and use specific information in graphic features of text

• Know vocabulary about literature, including words such as stanza

• Differentiate literal from non-literal language

• Compare the most important points and key details in two texts on the same topic

• Recount stories

• Determine the central message, lesson, or moral of a reading and explain how it is conveyed through details

• Use place value to read, write, compare, and order whole numbers through 999,999,999 and decimals involving tenths and hundredths

• Describe, order, and compare fractional parts of whole objects and sets of objects

• Generate equivalent fractions

• Model fraction quantities greater than one using pictures and objects

• Compare decimals and fractions

• Add and subtract to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimals

• Model factors and products using arrays and area models

• Represent multiplication and division situations in picture, word, and number form

• Apply multiplication facts through 12 x 12

• Multiply up to two digits times two digits

• Divide one-digit divisors and three-digit dividends

• Round whole numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousand

• Estimate

• Use patterns to remember basic multiplication and division facts

• Use patterns to multiply by 10 and 100

• Identify right, acute, and obtuse angles

• Recognize parallel and intersecting lines

• Identify two- and three-dimensional geometric figures

• Connect transformations to congruence and symmetry

• Locate and name points on a number line using whole numbers, fractions, and decimals

• Estimate and use measurement tools to determine length, area, capacity, and weight/mass

• Convert between different units of measurement

• Use models of standard cubic units to estimate and measure volume

• Explain the difference between weight and mass

• Measure temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius

• Solve problems involving elapsed time

• Accurately decode unfamiliar multi-syllabic words

• Determine the meaning of English words derived from other languages, including Latin and Greek

• Use context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar or multiple-meaning words

• Complete analogies using knowledge of antonyms and synonyms

• Identify the meaning of common idioms

• Use a dictionary or glossary to determine the meanings, syllabication, and pronunciation of unknown words

• Compare and contrast points of view in different stories

• Analyze, make inferences, and draw conclusion about the author’s purpose in a writing

• Explain the difference between a stated and an implied purpose for an expository text

• Understand how an author’s language creates imagery in literary text

• Identify the use of similes and metaphors to produce imagery

• Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama,

• Determine the theme of a reading from details

• Summarize a text, maintaining meaning and logical order

• Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic

• Interpret information presented visually, orally, or through charts, graphs, diagrams, or timelines

• Distinguish fact from opinion and explain how to verify what is a fact

• Summarize and explain the theme of a work of fiction

• Read, write, compare, and order whole numbers through 999,999,999,999

• Read, write, compare, and order decimals through the thousandths place

• Generate equivalent fractions

• Accurately compare mixed numbers and fractions

• Compare two fractions

• Relate decimals in tenths, hundredths, and thousandths

• Add and subtract to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimals

• Use multiplication to solve problems involving three digits times two digits

• Use division to solve problems involving two-digit divisors and three-digit dividends, including interpreting the remainder

• Estimate solutions to addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems

• Describe the relationship between sets of data in lists, tables, charts, and diagrams

• Identify prime and composite numbers

• List all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

• Identify attributes of two- and three-dimensional geometric figures, including parallel, perpendicular, and congruent parts

• Draw the results of translations, rotations, and reflections on a coordinate grid

• Understand the relationship between ordered pairs of numbers and locations of points on a plane

• Perform simple measurement conversions within the same measurement system—for example, from inches to feet, or from meters to centimeters

• Use appropriate units and formulas to measure length, perimeter, area, and volume

• Measure elapsed time

• Read temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius

• Collect, organize, and interpret sets of data

• Make line graphs

• Calculate median, mode, and range for data represented in graphs or tables

• Graph a given set of data

• Use knowledge of letter sounds, syllabication, roots and affixes to read unfamiliar words

• Determine the meaning of English words derived from Latin, Greek, or other languages

• Use the context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words or multiple meaning words

• Create analogies

• Identify the meaning of common idioms, adages, and other sayings

• Use a dictionary or glossary to determine the meanings, syllabication, and pronunciation of unknown words

• Compare and contrast works of fiction from various cultures

• Explain the effect of a historical event or movement on the theme of a work of literature

• Analyze how poets use sound to reinforce meaning in poems

• Analyze similarities and differences between an original text and its dramatic adaptation

• Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author

• Evaluate how well an author’s purpose was achieved in a text

• Examine the use of sensory details, imagery, and figurative language in literary text

• Explain how an author evidence to support points in a text

• Identify two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by details

• Explain the relationship between two or more people, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text

• Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent

• Compare and contrast the overall structure (chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts

• Conduct a research project using several sources

• Explain how certain events in a story give rise to or foreshadow later events

• Describe the roles of various characters in a text

• Identify the different types of third-person points of view in stories

• Compare and order non-negative rational numbers

• Generate equivalent forms of rational numbers including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals

• Write prime factorizations using exponents

• Identify factors of a positive integer

• Find common factors and the greatest common factor of a set of positive integers

• Identify multiples of a positive integer

• Find common multiples and the least common multiple of a set of positive integers

• Add and subtract fractions and decimals

• Multiply and divide whole numbers to solve problems

• Estimate and round

• Solve problems involving direct proportional relationships

• Use ratios to describe proportional situations

• Represent ratios and percents

• Use ratios to make predictions

• Use variables in mathematical expressions to show how one quantity changes when a related quantity changes

• Classify angles as acute, obtuse, or right

• Identify relationship involving angles in triangles and quadrilaterals

• Describe the relationship between radius, diameter, and circumference of a circle

• Locate and name points on a coordinate plane using ordered pairs

• Solve problems involving estimation and measurement of length, area, time, temperature, volume, weight, and angles

• Measure angles

• Construct sample spaces using lists and tree diagrams

• Find the probabilities of a simple event and its complement and describe the relationship between the two

• Use line plot, line graph, bar graph, and stem and leaf plots to display the same set of data in various formats

• Identify mean, median, mode, and range for a set of numbers

• Create circle graphs

• Explain the meaning of foreign words and phrases commonly used in written English, such as que sera sera

• Use a dictionary to find a word’s definitions, syllabication, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, and part of speech

• Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and antonyms

• Distinguish theme and topic

• Compare and contrast the historical and cultural settings of two literary works

• Explain how figurative language like personification, metaphors, similes, and hyperbole contribute to the meaning in a literary work

• Summarize the rising action, turning point, climax, falling action, and conclusion in a reading

• Recognize dialect how authors use dialect to convey character

• Identify different forms of point of view, including first- and third-person

• Compare and contrast the purpose of different authors writing on the same topic

• Summarize main ideas and supporting details in text, demonstrating an understanding that a summary does not include opinions

• Explain whether facts included in an argument are used for or against an issue

• Make connections between ideas within a text

• Identify faulty reasoning used in persuasive texts

• Follow multi-step instructions to complete a task or solve a problem

• Interpret information presented in maps, chars, illustrations, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams

• Critique persuasive techniques used in media messages and how these influence viewer’s emotions