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During prekindergarten, your child will be learning to:

Recite the alphabet

Recognize letters by name

Identify letter sounds

Answer a question with a complete thought

Listen to stories read aloud

Follow simple twostep directions

Manipulate objects, such as interlocking blocks, with increased control

Grip and use pencils, scissors, and crayons

Count to ten

Identify and sort objects by shape and color

Make simple patterns
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During Kindergarten, your child will be learning to:

Group objects into quantities of up to 20

Use words such as before or after to describe a sequence of events

Compare objects using the terms greater than, less than, or equal to

Identify, extend, and create patterns

Tell how objects are alike and different

Sort a variety of objects by color, size, and shape

Describe, identify, and compare circles, triangles, rectangles, and squares

Put events in sequence

Read a calendar using days, weeks, and months

Make graphs and use them to answer questions

Understand that letters make words; words make sentences; and sentences make a story

Identify uppercase and lowercase letters

Identify parts of a book, such as cover, back cover, and title page

Identify vowels
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During first grade, your child will be learning to:

Understand the meaning of the equal sign

Decide if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false

Write and solve number sentences with numbers up to 20

Find the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction problem using three whole numbers. For example, 5 + ? = 9.

Compare two twodigit numbers using the symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to (>, <, =)

Recognize twodimensional shapes such as rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, halfcircles, and quartercircles

Identify threedimensional shapes such as cubes, rectangular prisms, cones, and cylinders

Understand commonly used fractions, such as ¼, 1/3, ½

Identify coins by name and value

Estimate and measure length using nonstandard units such as paper clips or sides of color tiles

Read time to the hour and halfhour using analog and digital clocks

Use data to make graphs

Recognize that sentences begin with a capital letter and end with punctuation

Understand how to read a book and identify its parts

Identify the narrator in a text

Rhyme words

Distinguish between long and shortvowel sounds

Read words with common spelling patterns such as –ant or ike

Identify and read contractions like isn’t or can’t

Tell whether a story is fiction or nonfiction and explain why

Read at least 100 highfluency words

Alphabetize a list of words to the first or second letter

Retell a story’s beginning, middle, and end

Describe characters in the story and the reasons for their actions and feelings

Identify the main idea in a text

Recognize important facts or details in text
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During second grade, your child will be learning to:

Use place value to read, write, compare, and order whole numbers to 999

Compare numbers up to 999 using the symbols for greater than, less than, and equal to (>, <, =)

Count to 1000

Skipcount by 2s, 5s, 10s, and 100s

Add and subtract within 100

Describe how fractions are used to name parts of whole objects or sets of objects

Use models to represent fractions

Determine if a fraction is closer to 0, ½, or 1

Recall basic addition and subtraction facts to 18

Model addition and subtraction of twodigit numbers with objects, pictures, words, and numbers

Determine the value of a group of coins up to one dollar

Model, create, and describe multiplication and division problems using concrete objects

Find patterns in numbers

Use fact families to remember basic addition and subtraction facts; for example, 7+5=12, 5+7=12, 125=7, 127=5.

Use patterns to make predictions

Describe characteristics of figures such as circles, polygons, spheres, cones, cylinders, prisms, and pyramids

Describe how different shapes are alike and different

Cut twodimensional figures apart and identify the new geometric figures formed

Use a number line

Read a thermometer

Read and write times shown on analog and digital clocks

Describe activities that take approximately one second, one minute, and one hour

Organize data to make it useful for interpreting information

Construct picture graphs and bartype graphs

Draw conclusions and answer questions based on graphs

Use data to describe events as more likely or less likely

Identify parts of a story, like beginning and ending

Use information from the illustrations and words in a story to understand its characters, setting, and plot

Answer who, what, where, when, why, and how about the events in a story

Identify parts of a word, including single letters, consonant blends (thr, spl), and vowel combinations (ie, ou)

Recognize common spelling patterns (ight, ant)

Read about 300 highfluency sight words

Identify common prefixes (pre, dis) and suffixes (ly, less, ful)

Understand abbreviations (Mrs., St.)

Read and write contractions (can’t, couldn’t, don’t)

Make predictions about a story

Know the difference between literal and nonliteral language

Use a dictionary and glossary

Alphabetize a list of words to the second letter

Identify the main idea in a reading

Describe the order of events in a story

Identify the differences and purposes in different genres, such as fiction, nonfiction, and poetry
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In third grade, your child will be learning to:

Use place value to read, write, and describe the value of whole numbers through 999,999

Determine the value of a collection of coins and bills

Use fractions with denominators of 12 or less to describe parts of whole objects or sets of objects

Construct concrete models of fractions

Model addition and subtraction using pictures, words, and numbers

Use operation to solve problems involving whole numbers through 999

Learn and apply multiplication facts through 12 by 12 using concrete models and objects

Solve multiplication problems up to two digits times one digit

Round whole numbers to the nearest ten or hundred

Recognize congruence and symmetry

Identify congruent twodimensional figures

Identify and create twodimensional figures with lines of symmetry using concrete models and technology

Identify, classify, and compare twodimensional figures, threedimensional figures, or both

Compare objects by attributes like length, area, weight/mass, and capacity

Use standard units to find the perimeter of a shape

Read and write time

Measure temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit

Understand how to change the spelling of a word to accommodate word endingsfor example, dropping the final e when adding endings such as –ing, ed, able; doubling final consonants when adding endings (stop to stopping); or changing y to i when pluralizing certain words

Identify meaning of common prefixes (in, dis) and suffixes (full, less), and know how they change the meaning of root words

Use context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words

Identify and use antonyms, synonyms, homographs, and homophones.

Retell the themes and supporting details of fables, legends, myths, or stories

Compare and contrast the setting in myths and traditional folktales

Explore and describe different forms of drama and poetry

Identify the characteristics of various forms of poetry

Explain the elements of plot and characters as presented in a play

Distinguish his or her own point of view from that of a narrator

Understand the use of persuasive language and how an author uses it to is influence a reader

Follow and explain a set of written multistep directions

Locate and use specific information in graphic features of text

Know vocabulary about literature, including words such as stanza

Differentiate literal from nonliteral language

Compare the most important points and key details in two texts on the same topic

Recount stories

Determine the central message, lesson, or moral of a reading and explain how it is conveyed through details
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In fourth grade, your child will be learning to:

Use place value to read, write, compare, and order whole numbers through 999,999,999 and decimals involving tenths and hundredths

Describe, order, and compare fractional parts of whole objects and sets of objects

Generate equivalent fractions

Model fraction quantities greater than one using pictures and objects

Compare decimals and fractions

Add and subtract to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimals

Model factors and products using arrays and area models

Represent multiplication and division situations in picture, word, and number form

Apply multiplication facts through 12 x 12

Multiply up to two digits times two digits

Divide onedigit divisors and threedigit dividends

Round whole numbers to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousand

Estimate

Use patterns to remember basic multiplication and division facts

Use patterns to multiply by 10 and 100

Identify right, acute, and obtuse angles

Recognize parallel and intersecting lines

Identify two and threedimensional geometric figures

Connect transformations to congruence and symmetry

Locate and name points on a number line using whole numbers, fractions, and decimals

Estimate and use measurement tools to determine length, area, capacity, and weight/mass

Convert between different units of measurement

Use models of standard cubic units to estimate and measure volume

Explain the difference between weight and mass

Measure temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius

Solve problems involving elapsed time

Read bar graphs

Accurately decode unfamiliar multisyllabic words

Determine the meaning of English words derived from other languages, including Latin and Greek

Use context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar or multiplemeaning words

Complete analogies using knowledge of antonyms and synonyms

Identify the meaning of common idioms

Use a dictionary or glossary to determine the meanings, syllabication, and pronunciation of unknown words

Compare and contrast points of view in different stories

Analyze, make inferences, and draw conclusion about the author’s purpose in a writing

Explain the difference between a stated and an implied purpose for an expository text

Understand how an author’s language creates imagery in literary text

Identify the use of similes and metaphors to produce imagery

Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama,

Determine the theme of a reading from details

Summarize a text, maintaining meaning and logical order

Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic

Interpret information presented visually, orally, or through charts, graphs, diagrams, or timelines

Distinguish fact from opinion and explain how to verify what is a fact

Summarize and explain the theme of a work of fiction
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In fifth grade, your child will be learning to:

Read, write, compare, and order whole numbers through 999,999,999,999

Read, write, compare, and order decimals through the thousandths place

Generate equivalent fractions

Accurately compare mixed numbers and fractions

Compare two fractions

Relate decimals in tenths, hundredths, and thousandths

Add and subtract to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimals

Use multiplication to solve problems involving three digits times two digits

Use division to solve problems involving twodigit divisors and threedigit dividends, including interpreting the remainder

Estimate solutions to addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems

Describe the relationship between sets of data in lists, tables, charts, and diagrams

Identify prime and composite numbers

List all possible outcomes of a probability experiment

Identify attributes of two and threedimensional geometric figures, including parallel, perpendicular, and congruent parts

Draw the results of translations, rotations, and reflections on a coordinate grid

Understand the relationship between ordered pairs of numbers and locations of points on a plane

Perform simple measurement conversions within the same measurement system—for example, from inches to feet, or from meters to centimeters

Use appropriate units and formulas to measure length, perimeter, area, and volume

Measure elapsed time

Read temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius

Collect, organize, and interpret sets of data

Make line graphs

Calculate median, mode, and range for data represented in graphs or tables

Graph a given set of data

Use knowledge of letter sounds, syllabication, roots and affixes to read unfamiliar words

Determine the meaning of English words derived from Latin, Greek, or other languages

Use the context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words or multiple meaning words

Create analogies

Identify the meaning of common idioms, adages, and other sayings

Use a dictionary or glossary to determine the meanings, syllabication, and pronunciation of unknown words

Compare and contrast works of fiction from various cultures

Explain the effect of a historical event or movement on the theme of a work of literature

Analyze how poets use sound to reinforce meaning in poems

Analyze similarities and differences between an original text and its dramatic adaptation

Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author

Evaluate how well an author’s purpose was achieved in a text

Examine the use of sensory details, imagery, and figurative language in literary text

Explain how an author evidence to support points in a text

Identify two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by details

Explain the relationship between two or more people, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text

Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent

Compare and contrast the overall structure (chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts

Conduct a research project using several sources

Explain how certain events in a story give rise to or foreshadow later events

Describe the roles of various characters in a text

Identify the different types of thirdperson points of view in stories
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In sixth grade, your child will be learning to:

Compare and order nonnegative rational numbers

Generate equivalent forms of rational numbers including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals

Write prime factorizations using exponents

Identify factors of a positive integer

Find common factors and the greatest common factor of a set of positive integers

Identify multiples of a positive integer

Find common multiples and the least common multiple of a set of positive integers

Add and subtract fractions and decimals

Multiply and divide whole numbers to solve problems

Estimate and round

Solve problems involving direct proportional relationships

Use ratios to describe proportional situations

Represent ratios and percents

Use ratios to make predictions

Use variables in mathematical expressions to show how one quantity changes when a related quantity changes

Classify angles as acute, obtuse, or right

Identify relationship involving angles in triangles and quadrilaterals

Describe the relationship between radius, diameter, and circumference of a circle

Locate and name points on a coordinate plane using ordered pairs

Solve problems involving estimation and measurement of length, area, time, temperature, volume, weight, and angles

Measure angles

Construct sample spaces using lists and tree diagrams

Find the probabilities of a simple event and its complement and describe the relationship between the two

Use line plot, line graph, bar graph, and stem and leaf plots to display the same set of data in various formats

Identify mean, median, mode, and range for a set of numbers

Create circle graphs

Explain the meaning of foreign words and phrases commonly used in written English, such as que sera sera

Use a dictionary to find a word’s definitions, syllabication, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, and part of speech

Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and antonyms

Distinguish theme and topic

Compare and contrast the historical and cultural settings of two literary works

Explain how figurative language like personification, metaphors, similes, and hyperbole contribute to the meaning in a literary work

Summarize the rising action, turning point, climax, falling action, and conclusion in a reading

Recognize dialect how authors use dialect to convey character

Identify different forms of point of view, including first and thirdperson

Compare and contrast the purpose of different authors writing on the same topic

Summarize main ideas and supporting details in text, demonstrating an understanding that a summary does not include opinions

Explain whether facts included in an argument are used for or against an issue

Make connections between ideas within a text

Identify faulty reasoning used in persuasive texts

Follow multistep instructions to complete a task or solve a problem

Interpret information presented in maps, chars, illustrations, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams

Critique persuasive techniques used in media messages and how these influence viewer’s emotions
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