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Fifth Grade Math
Fifth graders use the skills they have learned in previous grades to add, subtract, and compare increasingly larger whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Fifth graders also experiment with probability, learn to use a coordinate grid, and perform simple measurement conversions. By the end of the year, your child should be able to:
- Read, write, compare, and order whole numbers through 999,999,999,999
- Read, write, compare, and order decimals through the thousandths place
- Generate equivalent fractions
- Accurately compare mixed numbers and fractions
- Compare two fractions
- Relate decimals in tenths, hundredths, and thousandths
- Add and subtract to solve problems involving whole numbers and decimals
- Use multiplication to solve problems involving three digits times two digits
- Use division to solve problems involving two-digit divisors and three-digit dividends, including interpreting the remainder
- Estimate solutions to addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems
- Describe the relationship between sets of data in lists, tables, charts, and diagrams
- Identify prime and composite numbers
- List all possible outcomes of a probability experiment
- Identify attributes of two- and three-dimensional geometric figures, including parallel, perpendicular, and congruent parts
- Draw the results of translations, rotations, and reflections on a coordinate grid
- Understand the relationship between ordered pairs of numbers and locations of points on a plane
- Perform simple measurement conversions within the same measurement system—for example, from inches to feet, or from meters to centimeters
- Use appropriate units and formulas to measure length, perimeter, area, and volume
- Measure elapsed time
- Read temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius
- Collect, organize, and interpret sets of data
- Make line graphs
- Calculate median, mode, and range for data represented in graphs or tables
- Graph a given set of data
Fifth Grade Reading
Fifth graders continue to build their vocabularies, practicing how to find meaning from context and how to identify words derived from foreign languages. During this year, students focus closely on how writers use language to do things like evoke imagery and persuade readers to adopt a certain viewpoint. By the end of the year, your child should be able to:
- Use knowledge of letter sounds, syllabication, roots and affixes to read unfamiliar words
- Determine the meaning of English words derived from Latin, Greek, or other languages
- Use the context to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words or multiple meaning words
- Create analogies
- Identify the meaning of common idioms, adages, and other sayings
- Use a dictionary or glossary to determine the meanings, syllabication, and pronunciation of unknown words
- Compare and contrast works of fiction from various cultures
- Explain the effect of a historical event or movement on the theme of a work of literature
- Analyze how poets use sound to reinforce meaning in poems
- Analyze similarities and differences between an original text and its dramatic adaptation
- Draw conclusions from the information presented by an author
- Evaluate how well an author’s purpose was achieved in a text
- Examine the use of sensory details, imagery, and figurative language in literary text
- Explain how an author evidence to support points in a text
- Identify two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by details
- Explain the relationship between two or more people, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text
- Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent
- Compare and contrast the overall structure (chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts
- Conduct a research project using several sources
- Explain how certain events in a story give rise to or foreshadow later events
- Describe the roles of various characters in a text
- Identify the different types of third-person points of view in stories
Fifth Grade Activites
Here are some simple activities to try with your fifth grader:
- Have your child flip through the dictionary. Choose a page with unfamiliar word. Guide your child through the pronunciation and meanings of the word. Look especially at the language from which the word is derived. Challenge your child to use the word in a sentence.
- Alice in Wonderland, Black Beauty, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, James and the Giant Peach, and the Harry Potter series are all beloved children’s books that have been made into movies. Have your child read one of these books, then watch the movie. Compare and contrast the book with the film. What was the same? What was different? Which did you like the best? Why?
- Play a game of charades as a family. Mimic different characters from books your child is reading or has read. This is a good way to discuss the traits of different characters, and how those traits are shown through the character’s actions.
- Start a book club with your child. Plan a special trip to the book store to choose a title you will both enjoy reading. Buy two copies. Have your child read a chapter a night while you do the same. Then make time every day to discuss the book. Reading together in this way is a perfect opportunity to talk to your child about how the book’s author uses character, plot, sensory details, and imagery. It’s also a fun way to bond with your child over a shared interest!
- Rummage through your food pantry with your child. Have your child identify two- and three-dimensional geometric figures such as cubes and cylinders. What attributes do the figures have? Focus on parallel, perpendicular, and congruent parts.
- Have your child collect your family members’ heights in inches. Next, have your child organize the data in a line graph. What does the line graph say about the height of your family? Lead your child to interpret the data in various ways. Try another approach by collecting, organizing, and interpreting other sets of data.
- Place a thermometer near a window or outside. Have your child read the thermometer once in the morning, afternoon, and after the sun goes down. What assumptions can your child make about the rising and falling of the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius?
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All Kinds of Kids
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