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Sixth Grade Math
Sixth graders learn to find common factors, including greatest and least common factors. Proportional relationships, ratios, and percentages are a focus of the sixth-grade math curriculum, as are geometry concepts like identifying angles and finding diameter, radius, and circumference. By the end of the year, your child should be able to:
- Compare and order non-negative rational numbers
- Generate equivalent forms of rational numbers including whole numbers, fractions, and decimals
- Write prime factorizations using exponents
- Identify factors of a positive integer
- Find common factors and the greatest common factor of a set of positive integers
- Identify multiples of a positive integer
- Find common multiples and the least common multiple of a set of positive integers
- Add and subtract fractions and decimals
- Multiply and divide whole numbers to solve problems
- Estimate and round
- Solve problems involving direct proportional relationships
- Use ratios to describe proportional situations
- Represent ratios and percents
- Use ratios to make predictions
- Use variables in mathematical expressions to show how one quantity changes when a related quantity changes
- Classify angles as acute, obtuse, or right
- Identify relationship involving angles in triangles and quadrilaterals
- Describe the relationship between radius, diameter, and circumference of a circle
- Locate and name points on a coordinate plane using ordered pairs
- Solve problems involving estimation and measurement of length, area, time, temperature, volume, weight, and angles
- Measure angles
- Construct sample spaces using lists and tree diagrams
- Find the probabilities of a simple event and its complement and describe the relationship between the two
- Use line plot, line graph, bar graph, and stem and leaf plots to display the same set of data in various formats
- Identify mean, median, mode, and range for a set of numbers
- Create circle graphs
Sixth Grade Reading
Sixth graders continue to hone their vocabulary and dictionary skills. Examining literary works for theme and topic are an important focus of this year, as is learning to identify plots elements like rising and falling action. By the end of the year, your sixth grader should be able to:
- Explain the meaning of foreign words and phrases commonly used in written English, such as que sera sera
- Use a dictionary to find a word’s definitions, syllabication, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, and part of speech
- Use a thesaurus to find synonyms and antonyms
- Distinguish theme and topic
- Compare and contrast the historical and cultural settings of two literary works
- Explain how figurative language like personification, metaphors, similes, and hyperbole contribute to the meaning in a literary work
- Summarize the rising action, turning point, climax, falling action, and conclusion in a reading
- Recognize dialect how authors use dialect to convey character
- Identify different forms of point of view, including first- and third-person
- Compare and contrast the purpose of different authors writing on the same topic
- Summarize main ideas and supporting details in text, demonstrating an understanding that a summary does not include opinions
- Explain whether facts included in an argument are used for or against an issue
- Make connections between ideas within a text
- Identify faulty reasoning used in persuasive texts
- Follow multi-step instructions to complete a task or solve a problem
- Interpret information presented in maps, chars, illustrations, graphs, timelines, tables, and diagrams
- Critique persuasive techniques used in media messages and how these influence viewer’s emotions
Sixth Grade Activities
Here are some simple activities to try with your sixth grader:
- Read poetry with your child. Choose poems that illustrate personification, metaphors, similes, and hyperboles. Discuss the meaning of the poems you read, and how authors use figurative language in their work. Encourage your child to write a poem using one or more types of figurative language.
- Have your child write and illustrate an autobiography. Then have a special family “book dinner” to celebrate the autobiography. Have your child share the book by reading it aloud. (For added fun, have everyone in the family write an autobiography and share it!)
- Look through a newspaper. Have your child find persuasive articles and articles that only convey facts. What issues are discussed in a fact-based way and which are discussed in an opinion-based way? Why the difference?
- Have your child start a book blog. Many websites offer free, easy-to-use tools for creating a simple blog. Have your child use his or her site to write reviews of books, poems, stories, movies, or music. This is a fun, creative way to practice persuasive writing.
- Venture to the grocery store. Have your child estimate the total grocery bill and round to the nearest dollar.
- Conduct a survey on the ages of your extended family members. Then organize the data in a chart. Have your child find the mean, median, mode, and range of the set of age data.
- Look through newspapers, magazines, and websites to find graphs that represent facts in a news story. Ask your child to interpret the information. As an added step, find a story that includes mathematical information (percentages in job growth over a year, for example) and have your child show the information in a graph.
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